Every child has a unique learning journey….
Teacher: What do you think about the authors’ usage of color as she described the scene in this passage?
Student: I don’t know. I was reading, not thinking.
It might appear to most educators that an attentive and focused student reading an assignment is actually fully processing what they are reading. It is assumed that they employ metacognitive strategies as they read thus, reading, thinking and reflecting simultaneously. But quite to the contrary, for students studying math, science, social studies or other content subjects many are simple reading with no visual image in their imagination.
Metacognition has been defined as “one’s knowledge concerning one’s own cognitive processes or anything related to them”(Flavell, 1976, in Kaplan et. Al.,2013) Many student do not automatically utilize the “skill of thinking about your thinking” and in many educational settings, these vital strategies are not explicitly taught.
Strong learners use metacognitive strategies to develop a deeper understanding of the subject material, in addition, they have the ability to transfer their skills to other learning and life situations. In order to transform the learning experience of children who struggle academically, we must teach them to plan, monitor, regulate, and evaluate their own learning. The ultimate goal is to explicitly teach and empower all children with basic metacognitive skills that they can utilize anywhere, anytime, and for any purpose, thus preparing them for success on their LEARNING JOURNEY!